Glossary of Cabinetry Terms

  • 5-PIECE DOOR: Popular, sturdy door construction with 5 pieces assembled together: 2 stiles, 2 rails, and a panel. Doors can have either a raised or recessed panel and mitered or Cope N’ Stick corners.
  • STILES: Portion of 5-piece construction that runs along the sides of the door.
  • RAILS: Portion of 5-piece construction that runs across the top and bottom of the door.
  • PANEL: Center portion of 5-piece construction. A raised panel is made of solid material that brings the panel height level to the frame. A recessed panel sits lower than the frame height and is often made of plywood.
  • MITER: 5-piece construction assembled with stiles and rails joining in the corners at a 45 degree angle.
  • COPE N’ STICK / BUTT JOINT: 5-piece construction with stiles and rails joining at a 90 degree angle in the corners.
  • APPLIED MOLDING: 5-piece construction with additional molding applied to face frame of door to give a more elaborate look. This construction is popular in many Country and Victorian style homes.
  • 5-PIECE DRAWER FRONT: Just like a 5-piece door, the 5-piece drawer front is comprised of 2 stiles, 2 rails, and a center panel. Horizontal grain direction is standard on the panel of the drawer front. Rails on the 5-piece drawer front are typically made narrower than the rails on the matching door style to allow for smaller heights.
  • SOLID / SLAB DRAWER FRONT: Solid piece that usually has the same outside edge as the matching door.
  • ROUTED DRAWER FRONT: Solid drawer front with detail carved into the face to compliment the detail of the door.
  • WAINSCOT: Non-functional door sections that serve to cover large exposed areas along back side of cabinets, often used on island and bar sections.
  • GLASS DOOR: Stiles and rails are assembled without a panel to allow for glass to be inserted.
  • FRENCH LITE DOOR: Door construction with multiple openings in the panel area used for glass. Each opening is referred to as a “lite” and are separated by “mullions” (small strips of wood usually shaped with the same detail as the door).
  • RADIUS: High-end specialty doors that have a curved construction. Convex doors bend with the face pushed outward; concave doors curve with the face bent inwards.
  • VENEER: Thin sheets of wood that offer consistent grain pattern and color, usually applied to a sturdy MDF or plywood core. Veneer is used in many Contemporary style homes. As a sheet good, it can be used to reface cabinet boxes.
  • DECO-FORM™: Door construction consisting of a wood product called Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF), which is wrapped in a material called Rigid Thermo Foil (RTF) to create a seamless, durable product. Beneficial because it will not twist, crack, or peel. Deco-form is dent resistant, easy to clean, and comes in a variety of door styles, available in a range of solid and woodgrain colors. - Expressions doors feature RTF 5-Piece door construction with glazed inside applied molding for the look of wood with the benefits of RTF.
  • DOVETAIL DRAWER BOXES: Durable drawer box construction consisting of solid wood sides with decorative, interlocking joints.
  • DOWELED DRAWER BOXES: Drawer box construction which joins sides of drawers together with small dowels.
  • TRADITIONAL / FACE FRAME CABINETRY CONSTRUCTION: The face and frame of the cabinet box is seen in between the doors and drawer fronts.
  • EUROPEAN / FRAMELESS CABINETRY CONSTRUCTION: The doors and drawer fronts cover the face of the cabinet box.
  • OVERLAY: The amount of space that a door or drawer front overlaps on the frame of a cabinet box.
  • HORIZONTAL GRAIN: The grain direction of piece requested will run horizontally, meaning from left to right. This is typical for drawer fronts.
  • VERTICAL GRAIN: The grain direction of piece requested will run vertically, meaning from top to bottom. This is typical for doors.
  • GLASS RABBET: A rectangular groove cut into the inside edge on the back of a frame to accept glass.
  • SHEEN: The luster of a wood product with finishing applied. Decore-Ative Specialties offers a Satin and Semi-Gloss Sheen.
  • MELAMINE: A colored plastic product, usually fixed to a MDF or Particle Board cores. It is used on the backs of Deco-form doors and drawer fronts and in cabinetry construction.
  • MDF: Medium Density Fiberboard; An engineered wood product made of small wood particles bound together under pressure. Deco-form doors and drawer fronts are made with MDF cores. It is also used as a paintable surface due to its stability and smooth, even texture.
  • LAMINATE: A colored plastic product, usually fixed to a phenolic backer, used for facing cabinetry.